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Adrenal Disorders

Capital Endocrine & Diabetes

Endocrinology & Diabetes Specialists located in Cedar Park, TX

Adrenal disorders occur when you produce either excessive or inadequate amounts of certain hormones. At Capital Endocrine & Diabetes, practice founder Venkatesh Segu, MD, FACE, ECNU, and the team of experts understand adrenal disorders and the problems they can cause. In their Cedar Park, Texas, office, the team can diagnose and treat your disorder using the most effective treatments that exist today. Book an appointment online or call the office.

Adrenal Disorders Q&A

What are adrenal disorders?

Adrenal disorders are problems within your adrenal glands. Your two adrenal glands produce the hormones that control many aspects of your bodily function, including your stress response, metabolism, and fluid balance. 

When there’s a problem within one or both adrenal glands, you may develop disruptive or dangerous symptoms. 

What are the different types of adrenal disorders?

A few of the many kinds of adrenal disorders are: 

Addison's disease

Addison's disease is a condition that occurs when your adrenal glands don't produce adequate cortisol hormone.

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing's syndrome occurs when an adrenocortical adenoma tumor produces too much cortisol. 

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia includes a group of disorders involving inadequate cortisol production. 

Aldosterone-producing adenoma 

Aldosterone-producing adenoma occurs when a noncancerous tumor in an adrenal gland produces excessive aldosterone.

Hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma

Hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma occurs when you develop noncancerous tumors within paraganglia, cells around nerve cell clusters. These tumors can then produce adrenaline or other hormones.

Pheochromocytoma (pheo)

Pheo is a noncancerous tumor that makes too much epinephrine and norepinephrine. 

Adrenal gland cancer 

Adrenal gland cancer can include several types of malignant tumors, including adrenocortical carcinoma and neuroblastoma. 

Adrenal nodules

Adrenal nodules are abnormal growths on the adrenal glands. Most adrenal nodules are benign and don't cause symptoms, but they can be cancerous.

These are only a few adrenal gland problems, so your particular disorder or issues may be different. 

What are the symptoms of adrenal disorders?

Adrenal disorder symptoms can be extremely varied from one condition to the next, based on the hormones involved. Some symptoms to watch out for include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Low blood pressure
  • Excess weight in the upper body
  • High blood sugar
  • Menstrual irregularities, similar to PCOS
  • Weight loss
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating
  • Blurry vision 

This is only a short list of the dozens of different issues you may encounter with an adrenal disorder. 

Why do adrenal disorders happen?

Because there are so many different adrenal disorders, there's no single answer as to their origin. 

Some of the main things that can lead to adrenal gland disorders include long-term steroid medication use, problems within pituitary glands, genetic mutations, and infections. There's not always a clear cause. 

How are adrenal disorders treated?

Capital Endocrine & Diabetes offers customized adrenal disorder treatment, so your solution may involve one or more strategies. Options include medication, hormone replacement therapy, radiation treatment, and surgical referral for cases that don’t respond to nonoperative care. 

Book your appointment by calling Capital Endocrine & Diabetes or scheduling online.